समाचार

इतिहास

Rewa State was bordered to the north by the United Provinces, to the east by Bengal and to the south by the Central Provinces. On the west, it met other princely states of Bagelkhand, namely Maihar, Nagod, Sohawal, Kothi Baghelan and Panna. The south of the state was crossed by the Bengal–Nagpur railway, the branch between Bilaspur and Katni which taps the Umaria coal-field.

In 1901, the population of the state was 1,327,385, showing a decrease of 12% over a decade; the population of the town that year was 24,608. Many of the inhabitants of the hilly tracts were Gonds and Kols. The estimated revenue of the state was Rs. 200,000/- p.a. The staple crops were rice, millets and wheat. More than one-third of the area was covered with forests, yielding timber and lac. The state suffered from famine in 1896-1897 and again, to a lesser extent, in 1899–1900.

Rewa is also famous for its white tigers; the first one, nicknamed Mohan, was caught in Rewa. Sitar virtuoso Pandit Ravi Shankar studied music from Alauddin Khan of Maihar, who migrated to Rewa State from Bengal.

History
According to tradition Rewa state was founded around 1140. On 5 Oct 1812 it became a British protectorate. Rewa state became part of the British India administration between 1 Apr 1875 and 15 Oct 1895.[3]

The Rajas of Rewa were of the Baghela(vaghela) branch of the Baghela Rajput[4] or Chalukya clan (Hindu Agnivanshi clan of Indian stock), and claimed descent from the founder of the Anhilwara (Patan) dynasty in Gujarat.They ruled from Bandhavgarh under the first ruler Raja Vyaghradev who was direct descendant of famous Gujarati King and Warrior Vir Dhawal . In the mid 1550s, Raja Ramachandra Singh Baghela maintained a musically talented court, including the legendary Tansen. In 1617, Maharaja Vikramaditya Singh moved his capital to Rewa. Maharaja Martand Singh was the last ruler of Rewa who acceded to the Union of India after the country became India. Birbal was born in Sidhi District of Rewa Kingdom. The Emperor Sher Shah Suri, died fighting with Ruler of Rewa Vir Singh at Fort of Kalinjar.

Emperor Akbar was given refuge at Rewa, at age 10, after his father Humayun fled India after a defeat in war. Prince Ramchandra Singh and Akbar grew up together as royal heirs. Maharaja Ramchandra Singh and Akbar stayed friends. Two of the Navratnas of Akbar, Tansen and Birbal(original name Mahesh Das.) were sent from Rewa by Maharaja Ramchandra Singh once Akbar became the Emperor of India.

Rewa is the first princely state in India to declare Hindi as a national language in times of Maharaja Gulab Singh. He is also credited for declaring the first responsible government in modern India, providing citizens of Rewa state a right to question monarch’s decision. The state came under British paramountcy in 1812 and remained a princely state within the Raj until India’s independence in 1947.

During the long minority of Raja Venkat Raman Singh (b. 1876, ruled 1880-1918), the administration of the state was reformed. In 1901 the town boasted a high school, a “model jail” and two hospitals: the Victoria hospital and the Zenana hospital. However, it was still adjudged among the most backward areas of the country by V.P. Menon, after he visited the state in 1947.

Post-independence period[edit]
Upon India’s independence in 1947, the maharaja of Rewa acceded unto the dominion of India. Rewa later merged with the Union of India and became part of Vindhya Pradesh, which was formed by the merger of the former princely states of the Bagelkhand and Bundelkhand agencies. Rewa served as the capital of the new state.

In 1956, Vindhya Pradesh was merged with other nearby political entities to form the Indian constitutive state of Madhya Pradesh. The Maharaja’s Raj [i.e. colonial]-era palace has now been converted into a museum.

In February 2007, the most extensive book on history of Rewa was published. Published by Oxford University Press, it is named “Baghelkhand, or the Tigers’ Lair” and is authored by Dr D.E.U Baker, ex H.O.D, History Department, St Stephen’s College, New Delhi after 12 years of gruelling research in which the author consulted numerous sources of information for Rewa’s history like the state and national archives as well as old records of Rewa state.

Bagheli is local language of Rewa.

Rulers of Rewa[edit]
The predecessor state was founded c. 1140. The chiefs of Rewa were Baghel Rajputs descended from the Solanki clan which ruled over Gujarat from the tenth to the 13th century. Vyaghra Deo, brother of the ruler of Gujarat, is said to have made his way into northern India about the middle of the 13th century and obtained the fort of Marpha, 18 miles north-east of Kalinjar. His son Karandeo married a Kalchuri (Haihaya) princess of Mandla and received in dowry the fort of Bandhogarh which, until its destruction in 1597 by Akbar was the Baghel Capital. In 1298, Ulugh Khan, acting under orders of emperor Alauddin drove the last Baghel ruler of Gujrat from his country and this is believed to have caused a considerable migration of the Baghels to Bandhogarh. Until the 15th century the Baghels of Bandhogarh were engaged in extending their possessions and escaped the attention of the Delhi kings, in 1498-9, Sikandar Lodi failed in his attempt to take the fort of Bandhogarh.

रीवा राज्य के शासकों की सूची (kings of rewa / List of Rulers of Rewa )

महाराजा शक्तिवान देव Maharaja SHAKTIVAN Deo 1495/1500.
महाराजा वीर सिंह देव Maharaja VEER SINGH Deo 1500/1540.
महाराजा वीरभान सिंह Maharaja VIRBHAN SINGH 1540/1555
महाराजा रामचंद्र सिंह Maharaja RAMCHANDRA SINGH 1555/1592 | Maharaja Ramchandra Singh and Akbar stayed friends. Two of the Navratnas of Akbar, Tansen and Birbal (original name Mahesh Das.) were sent from Rewa by Maharaja Ramchandra Singh once Akbar became the Emperor of India. Birbal was born in Sidhi District of Rewa Kingdom.
महाराजा दुर्योधन सिंह [बीरभद्र सिंह](बर्खास्त), बांधवगढ के 19 वें राजा Maharaja DURYODHAN SINGH [Birbhadra Singh] 1593/1618 (deposed), 19th Raja of Bandhogarh.
महाराजा विक्रमादित्य ( Maharaja VIKRAMADITYA) 1618/1630. In 1617, Maharaja Vikramaditya Singh moved his capital to Rewa.
महाराजा अमर सिंह द्वितीय ( Maharaja AMAR SINGH II) (qv)
कुंवर इंद्र सिंह ( Kunwar Indra Singh), he was granted Patharhat Estate.
कुंवर सरूप सिंह Kunwar Sarup Singh, he was granted Panasi Estate.
कुंवर अंगद राय Kunwar Angad Rai, he was granted Chandiya Estate.
महाराजा अमर सिंह द्वितीय Maharaja AMAR SINGH II 1630/1643, married and had issue
महाराजा अनूप सिंह Maharaja ANOOP SINGH (qv)
राजा फतेह सिंह Raja FATEH SINGH, पिता के खिलाफ विद्रोह किया rebelled against his father and established himself in Sohawal.
महाराजा अनूप सिंह Maharaja ANOOP SINGH 1643/1660, married and had issue, three sons.
महाराजा भाओ सिंह Maharaja BHAO SINGH (qv)
कुंवर यशवंत सिंह Kunwar Yashwant Singh, he was granted the Jagir of Gudh, married and had issue, two sons.
कुंवर मुकुंद सिंह Kunwar Mukund Singh, he was granted the estate of Semariya.
कुंवर अनिरुद्ध सिंह Kunwar Anirudh Singh, उनके चाचा द्वारा गोद लिया गया adopted by his uncle and succeeded as महाराजा अनिरुद्ध सिंह Maharaja ANIRUDH SINGH (qv)
कुंवर जुझार सिंह Kunwar Jhujhar Singh, he was granted the estate of Ramnagar Itma रामनगर इटमा.
महाराजा भाओ सिंह Maharaja BHAO SINGH 1660/1690, married 1stly, महारानी अजब कुंवर Maharani Ajab Kunwar, उदयपुर के महाराणा राजसिंह daughter of Maharana RAJ SINGH I of Udaipur, married 2ndly, 1668, महारानी कुंज कुमारी Maharani Kunj Kumari, ठाकुर सदन सिंह की एक बेटी a daughter of Raikwar Thakur Sadan Singh of Nadan in Rewah State, and had adoptive issue. He died sp 1690.
महाराजा अनिरुद्ध सिंह Maharaja ANIRUDH SINGH 1690/1700, born as कुंवर अनिरुद्ध सिंह Kunwar Anirudh Singh, son of ठाकुर यशवंत सिंह Thakur Yashwant Singh of Gudh, adopted by his uncle उनके चाचा द्वारा गोद लिया गया ; married and had issue, one son.
महाराजा अवदुत सिंह Maharaja AVADHUT SINGH (qv). महाराजा अवदुत सिंह Maharaja AVADHUT SINGH 1700/1755, the state was sacked by Hirde Shah of Panna in about 1731, causing the Raja to flee to Pratapgarh in Oudh; married (amongst others), (a), महारानी रतन कुमारी देवी Maharani Ratan Kumari Devi, married (b),महारानी सगुन कुंवर Maharani Sagun Kunwar, daughter of Umara-i-Uzzam Maharaja Mahendra GOPAL SINGH महाराजा महेंद्र गोपाल सिंह की बेटी of Bhadawar, and his fifth wife, the daughter of राजा माधो सिंह Raja Madho Singh Sirnet of Bansi, and had issue, one son.
महाराजा अजीत सिंह Maharaja AJIT SINGH (qv). Maharaja AJIT SINGH 1755/1809, married महारानी कुंदन कुंवर Maharani Kundan Kunwar, died 1802, daughter of Chandel Thakur Vikram Singh (चंदेल ठाकुर विक्रम सिंह की बेटी ) of Silpatra, and had issue, one son. He died 1809.
महाराजा जय सिंह Maharaja JAI SINGH (qv). Maharaja JAI SINGH 1809/1835, born 4 January 1765; in 1812 a body of Pindaris raided Mirzapur from Rewa territory. Upon this Jaisingh was called upon to accede to a treaty, in which he acknowledged the protection of the British Government, and agreed to refer all disputes with neighbouring chiefs to their arbitration and to allow British troops to march through or be cantoned in his territories; married 1stly, a daughter of Gaharwar Raja Udhhat Singh of Manda, married 2ndly, a daughter of Dikshit Raja Madhav Singh (दीक्षित राजा माधव सिंह की बेटी )of Goraiya, and had issue,three sons and one daughter. He died 1835.
महाराजा विश्वनाथ सिंह (Maharaja VISHWANATH SINGH)
बाबू लक्ष्मण सिंह ( Babu Laxman Singh) .He was granted the estate of Madhavgarh estate, married and had issue, two sons.
कुंवर बहादुर सिंह (Kunwar Ran Bahadur Singh) | married a daughter of Sirnet Raja Prakash Singh ( राजा प्रकाश सिंह की बेटी) of Bansi in U.P. He died sp.
कुंवर (नाम अज्ञात) Kunwar (name unknown), succeeded his brother in Madhavgarh, died without issue, and the estate was merged into Rewah.
कुमारी (नाम अज्ञात), उदयपुर के महाराणा जवान सिंह से शादी की ( Kumari (name unknown), married Maharana JAWAN SINGH of Udaipur) .
कुमारी (नाम अज्ञात), उदयपुर के महाराणा जवान सिंह 1834 से शादी की ( Kumari (name unknown), married 1834, Maharana JAWAN SINGH of Udaipur) .
बाबू बालभद्र सिंह Babu Balbhadra Singh, he was granted the estate of Amarpatan(अमरपाटन ); married Rani Chhavinath Kunwari ( रानी छविनाथ कुंवारी) , daughter of Gaharwar Thakur Manbodh Singh of Kaithaha estate in Rewah (a relation of the Raja Saheb of Manda in U.P.), and had issue.
कुमारी (नाम अज्ञात) Kumari (name unknown), married 1837, Maharaja SARDAR SINGH of Bikaner (बीकानेर के महाराजा सरदार सिंह 1837 से शादी की थी ).
महाराजकुमारी कुंवर Maharajkumari Sahodar Kunwar, married 1823, Maharana JAWAN SINGH of Udaipur (उदयपुर के महाराणा जवान सिंह).
महाराजा विश्वनाथ सिंह Maharaja VISHWANATH SINGH 1835/1854, born 1789, married and had issue, one sons and three daughters. He died 1854.
एचएच महाराजा रघुराज सिंह बहादुर HH Maharaja RAGHURAJ SINGH Bahadur (qv)
महाराजकुमारी (नाम अज्ञात) Maharajkumari (name unknown), married Maharaja RAM SINGH II of Jaipur (जयपुर के महाराजा राम सिंह द्वितीय से शादी की) .
महाराजकुमारी (नाम अज्ञात) Maharajkumari (name unknown), married Maharaj Mahabat Singh of Jodhpur (जोधपुर के महाराज महावत सिंह से शादी की ).
महाराजकुमारी सुभद्रा कुमारी Maharajkumari Subhadra Kumari, married 2 July 1821, Yuvraj (later) Maharana JAWAN SINGH of Udaipur (युवराज (बाद में) उदयपुर के महाराणा जवान सिंह 2 से शादी की ) .
एचएच महाराजा सर रघुराज सिंह जू देव बहादुर Lt.Col. HH Maharaja Sir RAGHURAJ SINGH Ju Deo Bahadur (1876–1918)1854/1880, born 1831, ( महाराजा रघुराज सिंह ) Maharaja Raghuraj Singh helped the British in quelling the uprisings in the neighboring Mandla (मंडला ) and Jabalpur (जबलपुर) districtain the mutiny (गदर ) of 1857, and in Nagod which is now a part of Satna (सतना) district, for this,the Maharaja was rewarded by restoration to him of the Sohagpur (Shahdol) and Amarkantak parganas(सोहागपुर (शहडोल) और अमरकंटक परगना ), which had been seized by the Marathas (मराठों द्वारा जब्त) in the beginning of the century, Maharaja [cr.1857]; married eight wives, including 1stly, 1845, daughter of Bisen Raja of Bhadri in Oudh (अवध में भदरी की बेटी ), married 2ndly, 1851, ( एच.एच. महारानी ) HH Maharani Sobhag Kanwar, daughter of Maharana SARDAR SINGH (उदयपुर के महाराणा सरदार सिंह की बेटी) of Udaipur, and had issue, one son and several daughters. He died 5 February 1880.
ले.क. एचएच समराज्या महारजधिराज बांधवेश (Lt.Col. HH Samrajya Maharajadhiraja Bandhavesh) Shri Maharaja Sir VENKAT RAMAN RAMANUJ PRASAD SINGH Ju Deo Bahadur ( श्री महाराजा सर वेंकट रमन रामानुज प्रसाद सिंह जू देव बहादुर) (qv)
महाराजकुमारी विष्णूप्रसाद कुंवर Maharajkumari Vishnuprasad Kunwar, born 1846, married 1864, Maharaj Kishore Singh of Jodhpur (जोधपुर के महाराज किशोर सिंह से शादी की थी ).
महाराजकुमारी (नाम अज्ञात) Maharajkumari (name unknown), married 1903, HH Maharao Raja Sir RAGHUBIR SINGHJI Sahib Bahadur of Bundi ( बूंदी के एचएच महाराव राजा साहब रघुबीर सिंह जी साहिब बहादुर से शादी की थी). 1904 में निधन हो गया.
ले.क. एचएच समराज्या महारजधिराज बांधवेश Lt.Col. HH Samrajya Maharajadhiraja Bandhavesh ( श्री महाराजा सर वेंकट रमन रामानुज प्रसाद सिंह जू देव बहादुर) Shri Maharaja Sir VENKAT RAMAN RAMANUJ PRASAD SINGH Ju Deo Bahadur 1880/1918, born 23 July 1876, G.C.S.I. [cr.1897], married 1stly, 1892, HH Maharani Shivraj Kumari Devi (एच.एच. महारानी शिवराज कुमारी देवी ), died 1917, daughter of Maharaja Sir RADHAPRASAD SINGH Bahadur of Dumraon in Bihar, married 2ndly, HH Maharani Gulab Kumari (एचएच महारानी गुलाब कुमारी), died1913, daughter of HH Maharaja Sir RANJIT SINGH (एचएच महाराजा सर रणजीत सिंह की बेटी ) of Ratlam (रतलाम ), married 3rdly, 1904, HH Maharani Keerat Kumari ( एच.एच. महारानी कीरत कुमारी ) daughter of General Parihar Thakur Bakhsh Singh (जनरल परिहार ठाकुर बख्श सिंह की बेटी ) of Thikana Jhagarpur in U.P., and had issue, two sons and one daughter. He died 3 November 1918.** HH Bandhvesh Maharaja Sir GHULAB SINGH Bahadur (qv).
महाराजकुमार रावेंद्र रामानुज प्रसाद सिंह Maharajkumar Ravendra Ramanuj Prasad Singh (by Maharani Keerat Kumari महारानी कीरत कुमारी), जन्म 10 जनवरी 1917 ; 10 जून 1940 को मृत्यु हो गई |
एचएच महारानी सुदर्शन प्रसाद कुमारी HH Maharani Sudarshan Prasad Kumari, born 5 September 1906, married 18 April 1922, HH Maharajadhiraj Sri SADUL SINGH of Bikaner, and had issue. She died 19 December 1971.
मेजर जनरल एच एच साम्रारज्य महाराजाधिराज बांधवेश ( Major-General HH Samrajya Maharajadhiraja Bandhavesh) श्री महाराजा सर गुलाब सिंह जूदेव बहादुर ( Shri Maharaja Sir GHULAB SINGH JuDeo Bahadur) 1918/1946 (deposed 30 January 1946), born 12 March 1903, G.C.I.E. [cr.1.1.1931]K.C.S.I. [cr. 1.1.1927], married 1stly, 25 June 1919, HH Bandhveshwari Shri MaharaniSahiba Samrajyi Kunwar, born 1903, died 1954, daughter of HH Maharaja Dhiraj Maharaja (जोधपुर के एचएच महाराजा धीरज महाराजा) SriSir SARDAR SINGHJI Bahadur (जोधपुर के श्री श्री सरदार सिंह जी बहादुर ) of Jodhpur ( married 2ndly, 18 February 1925, HH MaharaniBallabh Kumari, daughter of Lt.-Col. HH Umdae Rajhae Buland Makan (लेफ्टिनेंट कर्नल के. एचएच उमदे राझे बुलंद माकन) Maharajadhiraja Maharaja Sir MADAN SINGH Bahadur ( किशनगढ़ के महाराजाधिराज महाराज श्री मदन सिंह बहादुर)of Kishangarh, and उनका एक बेटा था | 13 अप्रैल 1950 में की मृत्यु हो गई |
( Rewa is the first princely state in India to declare Hindi as a national language in times of Maharaja Gulab Singh. He is also credited for declaring the first responsible government in modern India, providing citizens of Rewa state a right to question monarch’s decision. The state came under British paramountcy in 1812 and remained a princely state within the Raj until India’s independence in 1947.)

एच एच साम्रारज्य महाराजाधिराज बांधवेश HH Samrajya Maharajadhiraja Bandhavesh श्री महाराजा मार्तंड सिंह जू देव बहादुर Shri Maharaja MARTAND SINGH Ju Deo Bahadur (qv) | Maharaja Martand Singh was the last ruler of Rewa who acceded to the Union of India after the country became independence.
एचएच बांधवेश महाराजा सर गुलाब सिंह बहादुर HH Bandhvesh Maharaja Sir GHULAB SINGH Bahadur (1903–1950) एच एच साम्रारज्य महाराजाधिराज बांधवेश श्री महाराजा मार्तंड सिंह जू देव बहादुर HH Samrajya Maharajadhiraja Bandhavesh Shri Maharaja MARTAND SINGH Ju Deo Bahadur 1946/1995, जन्म 15 मार्च 1923 |1971-1977 और 1980-1989 के दौरान मध्य प्रदेश के रीवा लोकसभा सीट का प्रतिनिधित्व पांचवें सातवीं और आठवीं लोकसभा के लिए किया | वे पेशे से कृषक और बिजनेसमैन थे | वे विंध्य प्रदेश के राज प्रमुख थे | वह एक बहुत लोकप्रिय और सक्रिय सामाजिक कार्यकर्ता थे | उन्होने एक परोपकारी के रूप में, गरीब और बीमार लोगों को चिकित्सा सहायता उपलब्ध कराने के लिए अस्पतालों, डिस्पेंसरियों और संगठित शिविरों का निर्माण करवाया | उन्होंने सतना में शिक्षण संस्थानों और कॉलेज की स्थापना के लिए सतना में अपनी अन्य संपत्तियों को दान दिया | A widely traveled person, he evinced keen interest in the fields of sports, education, photography, archaeology and wildlife preservation. He established and developed National Park at Bandhogarh. He had served as a member of All India Wildlife Preservation Board and as the Director of Madhya Pradesh Udyog Vikas Nigam, Bhopal. He also made special efforts for development of irrigation, industries, transport, electrification and rail services in his area, married 1943, HHMaharani Praveen Kunverba (एचएच महारानी प्रवीण), born 1926, daughter of HH Maharajadhiraj Mirzan Maharao ShriVIJAYARAJJI KHENGARJI Sawai Bahadur of Kutch, (कच्छ के एचएच महाराजाधिराज मिरजन महाराव श्री विजयराज जी खेंगरजी सवाई बहादुर की बेटी) and his wife, HH Maharani Shri PadmakunwarBa Sahiba (एचएच महारानी श्री पद्माकुंवरबा साहिबा), and had issue. उनकी मृत्यु रीवा में 20 नवंबर 1995 में हुई |